Nuclear Regulatory CommissionNuclear Regulatory Commission
The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is an independent agency created by Congress in 1974 to ensure the safe use of radioactive materials for beneficial civilian purposes while protecting people and the environment.
The NRC regulates commercial nuclear power plants and other uses of nuclear materials, such as in nuclear medicine, through licensing, inspection and enforcement of its requirements.
The NRC is headed by five Commissioners appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate for five-year terms. One of them is designated by the President to be the Chairman and official spokesperson of the Commission.
The Commission as a whole formulates policies and regulations governing nuclear reactor and materials safety, issues orders to licensees, and adjudicates legal matters brought before it. The Executive Director for Operations (EDO) carries out the policies and decisions of the Commission and directs the activities of the program offices.
The offices reporting to the EDO ensure that the commercial use of nuclear materials in the United States is safely conducted. As part of the regulatory process, the four regional offices conduct inspection, enforcement, and emergency response programs for licensees within their borders.
The NRC has an annual budget of about $1 billion (USD) and employs about 4,000 people located in five primary locations in the United States.
Editor’s Picks: Select articles related to NRC. Links may lead to external sites.
- Research on Severe Accidents in Nuclear Power Plants (Dec 2015)
- Nuclear Security Inspections Annual Report to Congress (Jun 2015)
- NRC Seeks Modeling and Simulation Support (Apr 2015)
- The NRC Thinks America Should Be More Like Europe (Mar 2015)
- No Mid-Life Crisis for Nuclear Regulatory Commission (Mar 2015)
- Nuclear Regulatory Commission Project Aim 2020 Report (Feb 2015)
- Nuclear Regulatory Commission Proposes FY16 Budget to Congress (Feb 2015)
- NRC Issues Strategic Plan for FY 2014-2018 (Sep 2014)
- NRC Prioritizes Detailed Earthquake Risk Analysis (May 2014)