New African Swine Fever Outbreak in China’s Hubei Province

IAEA trained veterinary scientists from the National Veterinary Laboratory (LANAVET) in Yaoundé, Cameroon, to use nuclear-derived technology to quickly detect the presence of this virus. Early diagnosis helps farmers ensure they are better prepared to respond at the first sign of a disease. Photo Credit: Laura Gil Martinez / IAEA

China’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) said on Thursday it had confirmed a new African swine fever outbreak near the city of Huangguang in the central province of Hubei.

The outbreak occurred on a farm of 636 pigs in Xishui county, it said, adding that 13 had already died and a further 24 were sick. Local authorities have initiated an emergency response to block, cull and disinfect the affected pigs.

It is the third swine fever outbreak in Hubei this year. Seventeen provincial-level areas have been hit by the disease, which does not affect humans but can be fatal to infected pigs.

China has struggled to stem the rapid spread of the fatal disease, which has now been reported on more than 50 farms across the country.

A joint statement from the General Office of the Ministry of Public Security of the General Office of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs on the Practical Supervision of the Management of Live Pigs was released this week.

A Google translation of the notice follows:

Release date: November 14, 2018
Content overview: Regarding the practical strengthening of the supervision and management of live pigs

Notice of the General Office of the Ministry of Public Security of the General Office of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs on the Practical Supervision of the Management of Live Pigs

Animal Husbandry and Veterinary (Agriculture, Agriculture, Rural, Agriculture and Animal Husbandry) Departments (Bureau, Committee, Office), Transportation Department (Bureau, Committee), Public Security Department (Bureau), Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Bureau, Transportation Bureau, Public Security Bureau :

  In order to implement the spirit of the national video conference on the prevention and control of African swine fever and the “Notice of the General Office of the State Council on Further Improving the Prevention and Control of African Hog” (State Council Inventions [ 2018 ] No. 12 ), strengthen the supervision of pig transportation Strictly control the pig transport vehicles and do a good job in the prevention and control of African piglets. The relevant matters are hereby notified as follows.

First, improve the ideological understanding, and strictly regulate the transportation links. At present, the situation of prevention and control of pig swine in Africa is very serious. The epidemic has occurred in 17 provinces and has been introduced to the province of pig breeding in the southern hinterland of China. According to the epidemiological survey results, long-distance transportation of pigs is the main reason for the spread of epidemics across the region. It does not meet the animal epidemic prevention requirements and the uncleaned and disinfected transport vehicles have a high risk of epidemic transmission. At the same time, some lawless elements, driven by interests, have transferred pigs from high-risk provinces in violation of laws and regulations, and some areas have caused African swine fever. All local animal husbandry and veterinary departments, transportation departments, and public security departments must attach great importance to it, fully understand the importance and urgency of doing a good job in the supervision and management of live pigs, further strengthen the joint supervision work, and take effective measures to prevent the spread of the epidemic through cross-regional transmission of live pigs. .

Second, clarify the duties and tasks, and do a good job in the implementation of management and control measures. All local animal husbandry and veterinary departments shall, in accordance with the relevant requirements of the State Council and the provisions of the Agricultural and Rural Ministry Announcement No. 79 , adopt record management measures such as pig transport vehicles, and organize the preparation of vehicle records. It is necessary to strictly check the animal quarantine certificate in the transportation process of pigs, the record of the pig transport vehicle, the clinical health of the pigs, the cleaning and disinfection of the transport vehicles, check the origin, destination and transportation route of the pigs, and find that illegal pigs are transported illegally. Seriously deal with it. The transportation department should timely adjust the “green channel” control measures, and transport all live livestock and poultry vehicles such as pigs to no longer enjoy the “green channel” policy of fresh agricultural products. It is necessary to set up warning signs at the toll stations to carry out strict inspections on vehicles transporting pigs and their products. It is necessary to notify the animal husbandry and veterinary department in time to cooperate with the relevant departments. The public security departments should increase the crackdown on illegal and criminal activities such as slaughtering and slaughtering, and quarantine animal and plant epidemic prevention and quarantine, and assist the animal husbandry and veterinary department and the transportation department to supervise and inspect pig transport vehicles, hinder inspections, violent resistance and other conflicts. Dispose of incidents in a timely manner to maintain normal social order.

Third, improve the working mechanism and strengthen departmental cooperation. All local animal husbandry and veterinary departments, transportation departments, and public security departments must strictly follow the requirements of this notice, strengthen coordination and cooperation, and effectively incorporate pig transport vehicles into effective supervision. It is necessary to establish a joint investigation and linkage working mechanism, and carry out inspections at various inspection stations set up according to law, such as animal health supervision and inspection stations, road toll stations and over-limit inspection stations. The animal husbandry and veterinary department should clarify the contents and requirements for inspection of pigs and vehicles in the transportation sector. And provide the necessary technical support. It is necessary to establish an information communication and departmental consultation mechanism, timely report the epidemic situation information, conscientiously study and promote the resolution of problems existing in the supervision and enforcement, and propose to the local people’s government to establish a designated quarantine passage and add a temporary inspection site according to actual needs.

Fourth, strengthen the work force, and strictly violate the law and regulations . It is necessary to strictly implement the Notice of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs on Effectively Strengthening the Supervision and Administration of Live Pigs and Their Products (Nongmingzi [ 2018 ] No. 29 ) and the Notice of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs on Further Strengthening the Supervision of Cross-provincial Transportation of Live Pigs and Their Products. (Nongmingzi [ 2018 ] No. 33 ) stipulates that pigs in the provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) where the epidemic areas are located and their neighboring provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) shall not be transferred to the province (autonomous region or city). It is necessary to organize efforts to strengthen the supervision of pig transportation. The transportation department and the public security department should actively cooperate with the animal husbandry and veterinary department to carry out inspections on pig transport vehicles. If illegal pigs and pig products are illegally dispatched, they should not be persuaded to return. The animal husbandry and veterinary department should increase the investigation and punishment of illegal and illegal activities such as the transfer of live pigs without animal quarantine certificates, strengthen the effective connection between administrative law enforcement and criminal justice, promptly transfer the suspected crimes to the public security departments and other departments, and resolutely block illegal trafficking. Chain. In the law enforcement inspection, the animal husbandry and veterinary department shall promptly notify the public security department to investigate and deal with the case in a timely manner according to the law of the pig transport vehicle to evade inspection, rush to escape, obstruct the disposal or violent resistance to the law. It is necessary to intensify the investigation and punishment of the illegal and illegal distribution of live pigs in various provinces. All relevant regions should promptly notify each other and cooperate closely to crack down on cross-regional violations.

Source: General Office of the Ministry of Public Security of the General Office of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs

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