The current regulations for valuing animals for indemnification vary from species to species and, in some cases, from disease to disease within the same species.
The United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) announced this week plans to provide greater consistency to the livestock indemnification process.
USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is seeking comments on an advance notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPR) on this new approach to indemnity valuation and a new indemnity framework.
The ANPR describes two structural changes to the indemnity regulations. The first is the use of an annual indemnity value table to standardize the indemnification process and resolve discrepancies between disease programs. The current regulations for valuing animals for indemnification vary from species to species and, in some cases, from disease to disease within the same species. Under the new approach outlined in the ANPR, APHIS would collaborate with other USDA agencies—including the Farm Service Agency’s Livestock Indemnity Program—to develop harmonized USDA indemnity values, along with the methodology to determine them. These values would be published online annually.
Second, the ANPR describes an approach to standardize allowances for appraisal when an indemnity value cannot be calculated using the tables or when a producer elects to appeal the indemnity value based on extraordinary circumstances surrounding the animals at issue. This approach would resolve known challenges with indemnification based on fair market appraisal by an appraiser.
The ANPR also outlines the potential consolidation of all APHIS indemnity regulations into a single section of the Code of Federal Regulations. This would harmonize how APHIS addresses value determination, compensation for cleaning and disposal, and other related issues across existing programs.
APHIS is publishing the ANPR to solicit comments to inform future rulemaking. Specifically, they are seeking comments on the standardized approach to indemnity valuation and how it may affect members of the public, as well as any suggestions to improve it. APHIS is also seeking input on whether any species or commodity classes would not benefit from consolidation, whether consolidation would significantly alter disease management, and any other concerns.
Members of the public may submit comments at www.regulations.gov. All comments must be received by November 6, 2022.
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Indemnity Regulations. Federal Register, 7 September 2022.